Abnormal Psychology

Discipline: Psychology

Type of Paper: Other

Academic Level: High school

Paper Format: APA

Pages: 1 Words: 275

Question

QUESTION 1

June has never met Donald Trump but she believes that he is her daughter's father. She has told this to her family and friends. June is likely experiencing:

a.
An Erotamatic fantasy

b.
Deceptive disorder

c.
Delusions

d.
Hallucinations

1 points

QUESTION 2

Jerome has gone to see his doctor. He is worried there is something wrong with him because last week he was having sex with his girlfriend and he ejaculated before she was able to orgasm. This has never happened to him before. Jerome's doctor tells him:

a.
That he has hypersexual arousal disorder

b.
That he has premature ejaculation disorder

c.
That he should be tested for male sexual aversion disorder

d.
Not to worry - this happens to most men at some point in their lives.

1 points

QUESTION 3

In the DSM-5 conduct disorder now has specifiers. If you give a diagnosis of conduct disorder you also need to specify:


The gender of the child


Whether it is genetic or environmental


The age of onset


Whether there are psychopathic features

1 points

QUESTION 4

ADHD has been attributed to some biological factors including:

a.
Maternal gestational diabilities

b.
Deficits in the left parietal lobe

c.
Allergies to gluten

d.
Abnormal functioning of the neurotransmitters dopamine, serotonin and norepinephrine

1 points

QUESTION 5

Justice is a computer programmer who works remotely from home. The less contact with people he has the better as far as he is concerned. His family keeps trying to get him to come to events but he just wants to stay in his apartment. He has no interest in dating and wishes people would just leave him alone. He has a nosy neighbor that keeps telling him to "smile" if he ever leaves his apartment. According to the DSM-5 Justice could be diagnosed with:

a.
Schizotypal Personality Disorder

b.
Avoidant Personality Disorder

c.
Nothing - he just likes to be by himself

d.
Schizoid Personality Disorder

1 points

QUESTION 6

Rebecca is a sweet little girl but her parents are worried that there is something wrong. She gets very upset if routines are not followed and they have noticed that she likes spinning around. She often avoids eye contact and is not particularly interested in other children. She was late to speak and still often refers to herself in the third person. They mentioned their concerns to their pediatrician. She thinks Rebecca may meet diagnostic criteria for:

a.
ADHD

b.
Autism Spectrum Disorder

c.
Social Anxiety Disorder

d.
Asperger's Disorder

1 points

QUESTION 7

Steven is a lovely young boy and his mother hates to complain about him. But he is incredibly absent minded. He always forgets his homework at school and they are already on the 6th set of hats and mitts this winter as he keeps losing them. His IQ has been found to be in the near gifted range but he does poorly on tests because he makes careless mistakes or he fails to read the details closely enough. Steve's mom often has to repeat herself as he appears zoned out and he has a hard time sitting at tasks or activities for more than 30 minutes as he loses focus. Steven's counselor at school has recommended to his parents that he be assessed as she think he meets diagnostic criteria for:

a.
Autism Spectrum Disorder

b.
ADHD combined type

c.
ADHD inattentive type

d.
Oppositional Defiant Disorder

1 points

QUESTION 8

Zora likes things a certain way. She has fired multiple housekeepers because no one could meet her exacting standards of cleanliness and order. She is very focused on being the best and she doesn't support fools easily. She can't maintain romantic relationships because she feels that her partners cannot live up to her expectations. According to the DSM-5 Zora could be diagnosed with:

a.
Narcissistic Personality Disorder

b.
Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder

c.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder

d.
Borderline Personality Disorder

1 points

QUESTION 9

Hector is currently serving a 10 year sentence for rape. This is not his first time in prison as he was arrested and sent to juvenile detention in his youth for assault and drug crimes and prior to the rape charge he had served a 6 year prison sentence for attempted murder. The psychiatrist at the prison also works for a university and he wants to do a study of offenders' brains to see if there are physiological differnces between those who end up in prison and those who do not. If you scans Hector's brain he will likely find abnormality in the following area:

a.
Prefrontal cortex

b.
Brocca's area

c.
Cingulate gyrus

d.
Visual cortex

1 points

QUESTION 10

Annie often wakes up screaming in the middle of the night and her doctor thinks she has sleep terror disorder. Which of the following is true of sleep terror disorder?

a.
It results in memorable dreams.

b.
It is the same as nightmare disorders.

c.
It occurs during REM sleep.

d.
It occurs most often in children.

1 points

QUESTION 11

Stressors in the environment such as family discord impact individuals with schizophrenia in the following way:

a.
They do not cause schizophrenia but they can increase the risk of relapse in an individual who already has the disorder

b.
It is best for those with schizophrenia to live separate from their families to prevent family stress.

c.
They do not impact those with schizophrenia as it is purely a neurotransmitter imbalance.

d.
They often have schizophrenogenetic mothers

1 points

QUESTION 12

Archie has been diagnosed with a mild intellectual disability. Which of the following is true:

a.
His IQ is more than 2 standard deviations below the mean.

b.
He is not allowed by law to get married.

c.
He will never be able to maintain a job

d.
He cannot complete highschool

1 points

QUESTION 13

Beltram is currently 61 and has been a heavy drinker his entire life. Lately he has started to have serious memory problems. For example, his wife Rita can have a conversation with him and then 5 minutes later he doesn't even remember speaking to her. He also has gaps in his memory about the past. Beltram's memory loss is probably due to:

a.
Dissociative Identity Disorder

b.
Alzheimer's Disease

c.
Dissociative Fuge

d.
Korsakoff's Syndrome

1 points

QUESTION 14

Sara has dementia. This has been hard for her family as she is srarting to forget them and often when her daughter's come to visit she doesn't recognize them. Sara's memory loss is:

a.
retrograde

b.
regressive

c.
anterograde

d.
substance induced

1 points

QUESTION 15

Jannelle has not been sleeping more than 2 hours per night since the birth of her colicky son 3 months ago. Which of the following is true of the effects of sleep deprivation?


It is cumulative in nature.


It is possible for the body develops tolerance to reduced sleep in a short span of time.


It is much more pronounced in men than women.


It reduces stress levels.

1 points

QUESTION 16

Joaquin has been in trouble with the law since he was a kid. He ran away from home at 13 and then has been in and out of juvie for various crimes such as assault and theft his entire adolescence. Once he aged out of the juvenile justice system he has done several bids upstate for assault. Joaquin has never been able to hold down a job - nor does he really see the point. He has also been abusing substances but doesn't consider himself a addict - although many of his assault convictions happened when he was drunk and high. According to the DSM-5, Joaquin could be diagnosed with:

a.
Psychopathy

b.
Avoidant Personality Disorder

c.
Antisocial Personality Disorder

d.
Conduct Disorder

1 points

QUESTION 17

Lucas is in grade two and his parents have just been called in for a meeting with his teacher. His teacher reports that Lucas is not listening to the classroom rooms and talking back. She reports that he is not physically aggressive but can sometimes say hurtful things to other children. Lucas' parents also report that he has a hard time following rules at home and engages in frequent arguments with them and his little brother. According to the DSM-5 Lucas may be diagnosed with:

a.
Autism Spectrum Disorder

b.
Oppositional Defiant disorder

c.
ADHD

d.
Conduct Disorder

1 points

QUESTION 18

Zoe was in an abusive relationship and killed her boyfriend when he slept. She was charged with first degree murder. Zoe was denied bail and thus spent the six months awaiting trial in jail. During this time Zoe started getting increasingly confused and disoriented and she refused to talk to her lawyer. Zoe is most likely:

a.
incompetent to stand trial.

b.
not guilty due to mental illness.

c.
not guilty by reason of insanity.

d.
competent to stand trial.

1 points

QUESTION 19

Somatic Disorders are hard to diagnose because:

a.
The diagnostic criteria for the somatic disorders are very vague and have poor reliabiility

b.
Medical doctors do not believe in the existence of somatic disorders

c.
The person may not be aware they are having physical problems

d.
It is often hard to tease apart what may be an actual medical disorder and what may be a psychological disorder

1 points

QUESTION 20

Antisocial girls:

a.
engage in passive aggression

b.
Use relational aggression

c.
exhibit expressed belligerence

d.
Are very uncommon

1 points

QUESTION 21

Susanne and Latrell have gone to see a sex therapist because they have not had intercourse since their wedding night. Latrell repotrs he just has no interest in sex and it has nothing to do with Susanne. The therapist thinks Latrell may have:

a.
Situational sexual desire disorder

b.
Hyperactive sexual desire disorder

c.
Hypoactive sexual desire desire

d.
Inorgasmia

1 points

QUESTION 22

On most nights, Charlie sleeps 12 hours and wakes up feeling sleepy. He has also been known to fall asleep during team meetings in his office. This has been going on for months now, and is putting his career in jeopardy. Which of the following conditions is Charlie probably suffering from?

a.
Hypersomnulence

b.
Circadian rhythm sleep disorder

c.
Sleepwalking disorder

d.
Primary insomnia

1 points

QUESTION 23

Madelin cannot stand feeling stress, so she often ignores problems that cause her stress until they get so big that they often blow up in her face. Madelin engages in:

a.
Avoidance coping

b.
Relaxation response

c.
Flight response

d.
Denial coping

1 points

QUESTION 24

Sumaya smells death and decay in her apartment. She has called her landlord several times and he has investigated and found nothing. None of Sumaya's friends or family can smell anything either. Sumaya is likely experiencing:

a.
Auditory Delusions

b.
Olfactory hallucinations

c.
Erotomatic Fantasies

d.
Tactile hallucinations

1 points

QUESTION 25

Chris has been arrested on numerous occasions for armed robbery. He does not have a history of mental illness. Which of the following rules will NOT allow him to plead not guilty by reason of mental disease or mental defect?

a.
The American Law Institute (ALI) rule

b.
The Insanity Defense Reform Act

c.
The Durham rule

d.
The M'Naghten rule

1 points

QUESTION 26

Damian thinks that he is fabulous. He spends hours a day on his appearance and really believes that all men love him and want to either be him or are jealous of him. Damian can never admit that he is wrong (in fact he believes that he is never wrong) and he thinks only of his wants and needs. He thinks he is better than all the other riff raff and he is working getting himself a talk show because he believes that the world needs to know how to be as fabulous as he is. According to the DSM-5 Damian would likely be diagnosed with:

a.
Narcissistic Personality Disorder

b.
Nothing. That's just Damian - he doesn't have a psychological disorder

c.
Borderline Personality Disorder

d.
Histrionic Personality Disorder

1 points

QUESTION 27

Tariq was phsycially and sexually abused very badly as a child by his parents who were heroin addicts. In an effort to cope with the pain and suffering he experienced he developed other personas to cope to deal with the abuse when it was happening. He continued to use these personas as he grew older when memories of the abuse would be triggered and he often has memory loss for the time periods. He has been diagnosed with Dissociative Identity Disorder and is getting treatment. His treatment likely involves:

a.
Psychoanalysis

b.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

c.
Past life regression

d.
The therapist working with Tariq to integrate all the personas

1 points

QUESTION 28

Homer is the kind of guy who always sees the glass half empty. According to the research, which of the following is generally true of pessimistic people?

a.
They tend to have lower blood pressure levels than optimistic people.

b.
They are healthier than optimistic people.

c.
They have healthier immune system than optimistic people.

d.
They see negative events as their fault.

1 points

QUESTION 29

Anna and Stan have been married for 45 years. Which if the following is TRUE about sex and older adults?

a.
Sex is no longer pleasurable for older adults as women have vaginal dryness.

b.
Older adults can have very satisfying sex lives.

c.
Older adults can no longer have orgasms.

d.
Once a person is over 65 there is very little desire for sexual intercourse due to hormone imbalances.

1 points

QUESTION 30

Johnnie is a defense lawyer who wants to use the insanity defense with his client Penelope who shot her mother. Penelope will be found to be insane by the M'Naghten rule if:


she lacked substantial capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of her crime at the time of the crime.


her crime was an act of defense to protect her children.


her crime was not a result of a mental illness or disorder.


she did not know that what she was doing was wrong at the time of the crime.

1 points

QUESTION 31

Taneisha believes that something is really wrong with her. She has had headaches and shakes for the past several days and despite taking extra-strength tylenol - nothing helps. She saw her primary care physician who ordered an MRI - but the results were negative and showed no apparent physical cause for the symptoms. Since her primary care doctor won't do anything she has gone to three outpatient clinics and the doctors there also have found nothing. Taneisha is probably has:

a.
physical delusions

b.
somatic symptoms

c.
illness anxiety

d.
dissociative symptoms

1 points

QUESTION 32

Selma believes that despite her breasts and vagina, she is really a man. According to the DSM 5 Selma would like be diagnosed with:

a.
Tranvesticism

b.
Gender Role Confusion

c.
Gender Identity Disorder

d.
Gender Dysphoria

1 points

QUESTION 33

Monica is a control freak and she cannot relinquish to control to others, including her husband - ever! Monica has a Type A personality pattern as which includes all of the following, EXCEPT:

a.
a sense of time urgency.

b.
easily aroused hostility.

c.
competitive striving for achievement.

d.
predictability of reactions.

1 points

QUESTION 34

Tyler is 14 years old. He has just been expelled from school for bringing a knife. He has been arrested on two previous occasions - once for beating up another boy very badly and another time for setting fire to his neighbor's barn. Tyler's parents are at their wit's end and don't know what to do. According to the DSM-5 Tyler would likely be diagnosed with:

a.
Psychopathy

b.
Oppositional defiant disorder

c.
Antisocial Personality Disorder

d.
Conduct disorder

1 points

QUESTION 35

Juan was diagnosed with schizophrenia when he was in college, but for the last 10 years he has been taking his medicine and living independently and holding down a job. Juan's mother is worried that his symptoms may be returning as she received an e-mail from him last night in which he he wrote the following sentence: My current problem is my disfrustration with the govermentations. While she thinks it could just be type-o's - she worries that "disfrustration" and "govermentations" are examples of: ____________ which are associated with schizophrenia.

a.
Neologisms

b.
Avolition

c.
Word salad

d.
Alogia

1 points

QUESTION 36

Which of the following statements is true about autism spectrum disorders

a.
The best predictor of prognosis is the child's IQ and the amount their verbal abilities by age 6.

b.
The symptoms of autism start coming on around age 6-7

c.
It is caused by pediatric vaccines

d.
The prevalence is decreasing as we are now more aware of the warning signs and can prevent it.

1 points

QUESTION 37

John was diagnosed with schizophrenia back in the 1960s and his spent the majority of his adult life in and out of institutions. John often smacks his lips, has his tongue sticking out and exhibits jerky movements. These symptoms are likely signs of:

a.
Tardive dyskinesia

b.
Methadone withdrawal

c.
Tactile Hallucinations

d.
Somatic delusions

1 points

QUESTION 38

Cynthia was taking the subway to school during the morning rush hour. The trains were late this morning so the one she caught was particularly packed and she could barely moved. As the subway started moving she felt something on her behind. At first she thought it was an accident as they were packed in like sardines, but then she could feel someone squeezing and fondling her buttocks. As soon as the subway stopped she ran off to get away and tell a police officer. Cynthia was violated by someone engaging in the paraphilia called:

a.
Fetishism

b.
Voyeurism

c.
Exhibitionism

d.
Frotteurism

1 points

QUESTION 39

Angelina's relationships always end badly and two boyfriends have had restraining orders put on her as she kept calling them and showing up at the apartments after they broke up. Her emotions can switch very quickly and when she gets angry, she gets really angry throwing things and destroying property. However she also get really down feeling very empty and alone, during these times she has been known to cut herself just so she can feel something. Angelina likely will meet diagnostic criteria for:

a.
Dissociative Identity Disorder

b.
Bipolar Disorder

c.
Antisocial Personality Disorder

d.
Borderline Personality Disorder

1 points

QUESTION 40

Which of the following individuals is most likely to be involuntarily hospitalized?

a.
Patrick, who is charged with a hate crime but shows no mental disturbance

b.
Jonathan, who can tend to his basic needs without care or supervision

c.
Li Na, who usually smokes marijuana at her sorority parties

d.
Ruthie, who attempts to inflict serious bodily harm on herself